Malcolm Martin Greenway and Park History
Malcolm Martin Park is named for Martin Luther King, Jr and Malcolm X.
Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925. He is also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. Malcolm X was an American Black Muslim minister and a spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
After leaving the Nation of Islam in 1964, he made the Hajj, or pilgrimage, to Mecca and became a Sunni Muslim. He founded the Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. He was assassinated in Washington Heights on the first day of National Brotherhood Week, February 21, 1965.
Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American civil rights leader. He was a Baptist minister, one of the few leadership roles available to black men at the time. King led the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955–1956) and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1957), serving as its first president. In 1963, his efforts led to the March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. During this speech, he raised public awareness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest orators in United States history. In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end racial discrimination and segregation through civil disobedience and other non-violent means. Later in his life, King refocused his efforts on opposing the Vietnam War and ending poverty, both from a religious perspective.
King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. After his death, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Jimmy Carter in 1977. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a national holiday in the United States in 1986. In 2004, King was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal.